COAST DEFENCES.THE NEW BATTERY.
Mr. Thomas Butt kindly acted as escort of a large party to the new battery, permission to that effect having been courteously granted by Lieutenant Hoyland, of the Royal Artillery, who has the charge of the structure, preparatory to its occupation for the purpose for which it has been built. The harbour was speedily crossed in boats, which landed their living freights on a track of land sandy and barren, evidently left by the receding of the sea, at a time not sufficiently remote for vegetation to have made much progress thereon. At the south-east corner of this tract, and opposite to the pier-head of the harbour, stands the fort or battery, commanding by its position and style of construction a large sweep of the channel coast. As it now appears the fort is very much exposed on the north side, offering scarcely any impediment to “an attack in the rear.” To obviate this defect, an embankment is to be raised, round which in the interior a narrow terrace will run so as to admit of persons walking, or soldiers mounting guard, the top of the embankment being from thence about breast high. While this embankment will add to the security of the building, it will very much detract from its architectural appearance for solidity and strength as seen from the land side. But in all matters of this description appearance must yield to effectiveness. The barracks at the back of the battery are completed and fit for the reception of the soldiers of the Royal Artillery, who are expected to occupy it. The barrack accommodation has been constructed for about 50 men, but more could be provided for on an emergency. The north east and north west angles of the fort, though appertaining to the quarters of the troops, are pierced with loop holes for musketry, each angle commanding portion of the ditch. Passing through the barracks, the magazines, of which there are two, constructed on principles which make them bomb proof, were pointed out. The works on the sea side consist a very deep ditch or fosse, the southern bank making a very slight angle from the perpendicular, and being faced with concrete so as to present a smooth and level surface. The opposite bank is surmounted by a high wall pierced at intervals with musketry loop holes, with tower like projections at each end, so constructed as not only to command the ditch from the inner side, but to enfilade with a cross fire, an attacking party, should they attempt to pass the ditch. A few feet from the loop-holed wall rises high and massive embankment or bastion, which are platforms for five heavy pieces of ordnance, which will combine all the modern improvements this branch of the service. The guns are not yet mounted, but everything is ready for their being placed in position. From the top of the bastion a magnificent and extensive view is obtained of a large portion of the channel ; the varied precipitous and level coast ; the harbour and the town; the tract of rich and fertile country stretching to the east, north, and west; and the majestic South Downs rising in the distance.